From 1990 to 2019, deaths from suicide by firearm declined all through the world, however some nations noticed an rising pattern. Irena Ilic of the College of Belgrade, Serbia, and colleagues current these findings within the open-access journal PLOS ONE on Could 25, 2022.
Firearm suicides symbolize a big public well being concern in lots of nations. Monitoring and understanding firearm suicide statistics may also help inform efforts to scale back deaths. Nonetheless, few research have examined loss of life charges from suicide by firearm at a worldwide scale.
To enhance understanding of this subject, Ilic and colleagues analyzed firearm suicide information for women and men from 204 nations and territories, spanning the interval from 1990 to 2019. Utilizing this information, they calculated age-standardized mortality charges from suicide by firearm; this measurement accounts for variations in firearm suicide mortality charges noticed between totally different age teams and the totally different proportions of individuals of various ages making up totally different nations’ populations.
By 2019, the evaluation discovered that 52,694 firearm suicide deaths occurred worldwide, giving an age-standardized mortality charge of 0.65 deaths per 100,000 individuals. Worldwide, charges had been six instances larger for males than for ladies on this yr (45,110 deaths in males and seven,584 in girls). The very best firearm suicide charges, for each women and men, had been in Greenland and the U.S., adopted by developed nations together with France, Canada, Finland, Switzerland, and Norway. Charges had been lowest in China, Japan, and Singapore.
Worldwide, firearm suicides decreased between 1990 and 2019, with the largest decreases seen in Singapore, Sri Lanka, Australia, and Switzerland. Nonetheless, will increase had been seen in 31 nations, significantly in creating nations, together with Jamaica, Venezuela, and Egypt. In some nations, akin to Afghanistan, charges elevated for ladies however not for males.
The authors observe that the info used for this examine could undergo from incompleteness for some nations, in addition to an absence of standardization of suicide information between nations. Nonetheless, the findings may assist inform public well being efforts to scale back firearm suicides all over the world.
The authors add that “there are giant worldwide variations within the mortality patterns of suicide by firearm. Regardless of the reducing developments in mortality of suicide by firearm in many of the areas, noticed in each sexes and in all age teams, in 31 nations rising developments in mortality of suicide by firearm had been reported.”
Examine outcomes could assist enhance firearm security messaging to stop suicides
Irena Ilic et al, Worldwide suicide mortality developments by firearm (1990–2019): A joinpoint regression evaluation, PLoS ONE (2022). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0267817
Firearm suicides fell worldwide since 1990, however rose in 31 nations (2022, Could 25)
retrieved 25 Could 2022
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